The Firmina submarine cable will run from the east coast of the United States to Las Toninas in Argentina, with additional landings in Brazil and Uruguay.
A new high-speed submarine cable that aims to improve access to Google services for users in South America will start operating in 2023.
Google is building the Firmina submarine cable together with SubCom, which will design and install the cable.
The cable will run from the east coast of the United States to Las Toninas in Argentina, with additional landings at Praia Grande in Brazil and Punta del Este in Uruguay.
SubCom will manufacture the cable at its Newington facility over the next year and expects to begin laying the cable in the summer of 2022. SubCom said the submarine cable is expected to be ready for service by the end of 2023.
Submarine cables allow data to travel as pulses of light within the optical fibers within the cable, creating a signal that is generally amplified every 100 km or so to avoid signal loss. This is a challenge for the longest submarine cables.
However, in a blog post, Google Cloud VP of Global Networks Bikash Koley said that the new Firmina cable breaks this barrier.
“Connecting from North to South America, the cable will be the longest ever introduced with single-ended power supply capability. Achieving this record-breaking, high-strength design is accomplished by supplying the cable with 20pc higher voltage than previous systems. “
SubCom CEO David Coughlan said it is a privilege to partner with Google “to deliver a high-speed, high-capacity submarine cable system that will encompass some of the most advanced transmission technologies in the world.”
The cable is named after Maria Firmina dos Reis, a Brazilian author. Koley said Google sought to honor a luminary who worked to promote human understanding and social justice.
“With this cable, we are delighted to draw attention to their pioneering work and spirit,” he said.
Including Firmina, Google said it has investments in 16 submarine cables, including the Grace Hopper Cable connecting the United Kingdom, the United States and Spain.
The company is also working with tech giant Facebook on two new submarine cables that will connect North America and Southeast Asia.
This followed the news that another submarine cable from Google-Facebook had crashed into a wall. Plans for the Pacific Light cable network were cut off late last year due to concerns from the US government over direct communications links between the US and the US.